25. The Significance of Single Spike

Terms

  1. PSTH: peri-stimulus-time histogram, meaning the probability density of firing as a function of time, after the stimulus.

One Input Spike

  1. Some neuron takes constant input $I_0$ and noise $I_{\mathrm{noise}}$.
  2. We inject an extra input on to this neuron.

The factors of importance are

  1. amount of noise
  2. time course of PSP caused by the injection.

Relation between PSP and PSTH. Basically all well expalained in Fig 7.12:

  1. For large noise, PSTH is similar to PSP,
  2. For small noise, PSTH is the derivatives of PSP.

Amazing but why?

Read Fig 7.11. Consider two scenarios,

  1. with noise, basically noise will trigger a spike,
  2. without noise: related to the derivatives of psp because spike can only occur when the derivative is positive.

Understand the significance using homogeneous population model. Linearized equation is applied

where

But why? Because no noise limit means the time course is deterministic thus kernel becomes Dirac delta function. With high noise, the we can not really predict from a spike about the exact time of input but a window of the time of input.

Reverse Correlation

Reverse correlation: Record the input of the neuron just before it spikes, then average many spikes.

where $\Delta I$ is the stimulus right before the spike at time $t^{(f)}$.

Reverse correlation is related to correlation function $C$ through

where $\nu$ is the firing rate, $\nu=A_0$.

We will find the relation between this reverse correlation and transfer properties of a single neuron, which is described by

We derive the population activity using the transfer function $\hat G(\omega)$

Fourier transform of multiplications leads to a convolution.

With the expression of $A(t)$, we could calculate reverse correlation

The reason we dropped the term $A_0$ is because we assume the input is stochastic i.e., $\langle \Delta I(t)\rangle=0$.

For white noise, we have

Then we find the relation between reverse correlation and transfer function,

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